As a layman out of the U.S. can somebody in economics tell me why the U S Govt bailed out the banks ?

Was it a free lunch or were there conditions behind the bail out, is what I am interested in. I know the collapsing of the banks due to heavy loan disbursements against mortgages. They collapsed because the people having taken those loans, lost them in the Stock market etc and they cannot repay the loans and instead preferred to surrender the mortgaged property to the Banks.

what best options for investing lump sum amount of voluntary retirement benefit under current economics India?

Retired employees -in early forties- now jobless -needs to find another job. Under these conditions where they can invest to get good returns, safely and without having tax burden (they don’t have the benefit of Rs. 5,00,000 of tax exemption usually eligible for V.R.S employees
if PF account is closed, what are the options? which shares, Mutual funds gives good returns and are safe?

How do I shift career from Finance to Logistics?

I am a graduate in Economics, and am looking at shifting career from Finance to Logistics. I have one year experience in Financial Research. Pls recommend companies that I could approach for an initial internship or something..

As a layman out of the U.S. can somebody in economics tell me why the U S Govt bailed out the banks ?

Was it a free lunch or were there conditions behind the bail out, is what I am interested in. I know the collapsing of the banks due to heavy loan disbursements against mortgages. They collapsed because the people having taken those loans, lost them in the Stock market etc and they cannot repay the loans and instead preferred to surrender the mortgaged property to the Banks.