1. The Sensex is an indicator of all the major companies of the BSE.

    The Nifty is an indicator of all the major companies of the NSE.

    If the Sensex goes up, it means that the prices of the stocks of most of the major companies on the BSE have gone up. If the Sensex goes down, this tells you that the stock price of most of the major stocks on the BSE have gone down.

    Just like the Sensex represents the top stocks of the BSE, the Nifty represents the top stocks of the NSE.

    Just in case you are confused, the BSE, is the Bombay Stock Exchange and the NSE is the National Stock Exchange. The BSE is situated at Bombay and the NSE is situated at Delhi. These are the major stock exchanges in the country. There are other stock exchanges like the Calcutta Stock Exchange etc. but they are not as popular as the BSE and the NSE.Most of the stock trading in the country is done though the BSE & the NSE.

    Besides Sensex and the Nifty there are many other indexes. There is an index that gives you an idea about whether the mid-cap stocks go up and down. This is called the “BSE Mid-cap Index”. There are many other types of indexes.

  2. SENSEX is the also called as Sensitivity Index of BSE. It consist of 30 stocks which have highest Market Capitalization.
    Nifty is similar index consist of 50 stocks in NSE with maximum Market Capitalization.
    Market Capitalization = Market Value of share * Number of share

    Investment means the amount you have put in some instrument to get a higher value in near future.

    Stock here nothing but share, but there is very little difference, that as a beginner a bit difficult to understand.

    Currency Value means how one currency is valued in terms of some other currency. For example what is the value of Euro in terms of US Dollar.

    And one correction I want to make is both NSE and BSE are based in Mumbai. Delhi has Delhi Stock Exchange which is not a popular one.
    BSE, DSE, CSE etc are regional stock exchanges whereas NSE, OTCEI, ICSE are nationalized stock exchanges.

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